Arka Vratam is dedicated to Surya, the sun god in Hindu tradition. The Vrat is observed on Sunday. The important rituals of the vratam include fasting, chanting of Gayatri Mantra or any other prayer dedicated to Surya. Devotee observing Arka Vrata will be blessed with peace and prosperity.
The devotee observing the vrat should wake up before sunrise on Sunday. After taking bath, should view the rising sun and offer prayers and chant Gayatri mantra or any other prayer dedicated to Surya.
Only a single meal is taken on the day – mostly during noon. The fasting is continued even after sunset. The single meal should be a simple pure vegetarian meal.
No pujas are performed during the evening hours.
It is believed that Arka Vratam helps in alleviating various diseases and it also helps the devotee to attain spiritual awareness.