Dedicated to Hindu God Vishnu, Ekadashi Vrat is observed on the eleventh day of a fortnight in a Hindu lunar calendar. Ekadashi dates in July 2016 – July 1, July 15 and July 30. On Ekadasi, Fasting from sunrise to next day morning sunrise is generally observed by many Hindus. Some observe the fast from the start time of Ekadasi Tithi and break the fast at the beginning of Dwadasi Tithi.
Yogini Ekadasi (Bhagavat - in most regions) is on July 1. Smarta Yogini Ekadasi is on June 30.
The Ekadashi Vrat on July 15, 2016 is known as Devshayani Ekadashi. The popular belief is that the night time of the Devas begins on this day. Chaturmasa Vrata also begins from the day. This Ekadasi is also known as Hari Prabodini Ekadasi. The famous Pandarpur Yatra is observed on the day.
The July 15, 2016 Ekadasi is known as Toli Ekadashi in South India.
The famous Ashadi Ekadasi in Pandarpur is held on July 15, 2016
July 30, 2016 Ekadasi is known as Kamika Ekadasi.
The preparation for Ekadashi fasting begins on the Dasami day – the day before Ekadasi. On the Ekadasi day, devotees observe complete fast. The day is meant for hearing religious discourses and performing pujas.
There are also devotees who do not observe total fast. They avoid grains especially rice and consume fruits, nuts and milk.
The fasting comes to an end on the Dwadashi day with the consuming of food cooked in one’s house.