Pushkarani – Holy Temple Water Tanks



What is a Pushkarani? Temple water tanks are known as Pushkarani in Andhra Pradesh and in some temples in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The most famous is the Swami Pushkarani at the Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple. The pushkaranis are sacred water bodies (referred as Tirthas or Teerth) and the water in it are used for the bathing the presiding deity in a temple. Large Pushkaranis are used for Theppam festivals – float festival when the presiding deities move on the water body on specially designed boats. The Pushkarani also serves to maintain the water levels in the region.

Pushkaranis are often built within the temple complex or in its front (outside). Some of the most important ones are mentioned in the Puranas and there are stories about how they were formed.

Some of the popular Pushkaranis are the big stepped Tirtha at Srirangam Ranganatha Temple known as Chandra Pushkarini. Swami Pushkarani at the Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple, Surya Pushkarini at Uraiyur near Kumbakonam.

Sadly some of the Pushkaranis are without for major part of the year and water is specially pumped during festive occasions.