Mauni Amavasi, or Mauna Amavasya, is observed the no moon day (Amavas) in the Magh month (January – February) as per the traditional Hindu calendar followed in
North India. Mauni Amavasi 2011 date is February 2. The word ‘mauna’ or ‘mauni’ means silence and several Hindus observe a complete silence on the day.
Mauni Amavasi is an important bathing day during the annual Magh Mela and Magha Snan and Kumbh Mela.
According to Hinduism, ‘Mauna’ (silence) is an essential part of spiritual discipline. Derived from the word muni, a Sanyasi or saint who practices silence, mauna ideally symbolizes a state of oneness with the Self. Mauna has also been described by Adi Shankaracharya as one of the three essential attributes of a Sanyasi.
In modern day, it was Ramana Maharshi who popularized silence as a medium of spiritual instruction. For him silence was a state beyond speech and thought – it is living without the ego sense.