Pradosh, also known as Pradosha Vrata, is an auspicious day dedicated to Lord Shiva in a Hindu month. Some devotees observe a fast on the day. In November 2011, the Pradosh fasting dates are November 8 and November 22. There are two Pradoshas – one during the waxing phase (Shukla Paksha) of moon and another during the waning phase (Krishna Paksha) of moon.
On the day, prayers are offered in the evening or during the twilight period. Fasting from sunrise to sunset is the most widely observed spiritual activity on Pradosh day.
Pradosh begins around 1.5 hours before sunset and ends one hour after sunset. Most Shiva devotees mainly spend this time at a Shiva temple. If at home devotees chant any of the mantras dedicated to Lord Shiva or read the Shiva Purana.
There are staunch Shiva devotees who fast on both the Pradosh. Some people only observe one Pradosha in a month.
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