Sama Pancham is a unique ritual observed mainly in
Gujarat in the Bhadrapad Month (August – September). Women and farmers observe certain rituals on the day. In 2017, the date of Sama Pancham is August 26. On the Sama Pancham day, people cook and eat only Sama grains. The ritual is observed on the fifth day of the Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of moon) in Bhadrapad Month. On this day, farmers and people associated with agricultural activities cook and eat Sama – the seeds that a kind of wild grass.
Women observe on the day rituals associated with Rushi Pancham. Some women avoid performing religious rituals on the day and indulge in singing of bhajans.