Parasuram Dwadashi Vrata, or Jamdagnya Parshuram Vrata, is a Hindu austerity dedicated Lord Parashuram, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. In 2013, the date of Parashuram Dwadasi Vrata is May 22. Parashuram Dwadasi Vrata is observed on the twelfth day of the Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of moon) of Vaisakh month (April – May). Devotees observe a complete fast (fasting) on the day.
Parasuram Dwadasi Vrat begins at sunrise and ends on the next day morning after sunrise. The fasting commences after purifying the body (by taking a bath). An idol of Lord Parshuram is worshipped by offering flowers and other usual puja articles associated with Lord Vishnu. In some regions, the idol or Parshuram is placed inside a pot of water.
Devotees who observe the fast remain awake during the night.
It is believed that those observing Parashuram Dwadasi Vrata will have their wishes fulfilled and will attain moksha.
Parashuram is also known as Jamdagnya and the Vrata is popular in some regions as Jamdagnya Parshuram Vrata.
This Vrata is observed the day after the Mohini Ekadasi and therefore those observing the Ekadasi fasting avoid observing Parasuram Dwadashi Vrata. Sometimes both the days fall on the same day.