The Hindu New Year Shalivahan Shak begins on the first day of the Chaitra Month (March – April). It is believed that King Shalivahan had made a major victory and started the Shalivahan Shak (Year) from the day. Gudhi Padva, Marathi New Year, is also referred as Shalivahan Shak. In 2012, the date of Hindu New Year Shalivahan Shak is on March 23.
Shalivahan Shak or Saka Year is observed differently by Hindu communities and the Government of India. Saka Calendar is followed by the Government of India but the New Year begins on March 21 or March 22. But for Hindu communities that follow the Shalivahan Shak the New Year begins on the first day of the Chaitra month after the Phalgun Amavas (No moon day).
New Year is observed by Hindu communities on the Chaitra Shuddha Pratipada (the first day of the waxing phase of moon in Chaitra month (March – April).
The current year which begins on March 23, 2012 in the regional Marathi, Kannada and Telugu Hindu calendar is 1934. A month is calculated in this calendar from new moon to next no moon.