Gauri Tritiya is an auspicious day dedicated to Goddess Parvati and is mainly observed in
Maharashtra. In 2013, the date of Gauri Tritiya is April 13. It falls on the third day of the waxing phase of moon in Chaitra month (March – April) in a traditional Marathi Calendar. Gowri Tritiya is mainly observed by women. Gauri is another name of Goddess Parvati.
There are numerous rituals and festivals associated with Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. In this particular observance, it is believed that Goddess Parvati returns to her parent’s home during the period. Another legend sites that Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati got married on the day.
Women conduct special pujas at home and invite neighbors, friends and relatives to take part in the ritual. An image of Goddess Parvati is worshipped along with other deities. The prayers are for the wellbeing of the family. Unmarried women pray for good husbands.
The observance is also known as Soubhagya Gauri Vratam in Telugu culture.
It must be noted here that Kashmiri Pandits observe a Gauri Tritiya during the Shukla Paksha of Magh month.