Karadaiyan Nombu: Karadai Nonbu or Savitri Vratam



Karadai Nombu, or Karadaiyan Nombu or Savitri Nombu, is a Tamil ritual and fasting in which married women pray for the well being and long life of their husbands. In 2015, the date of Karadaiyan Nombu is March 15. In Australia, Singapore and Malaysia, it is during the early hours of March 15, 2015. It is observed on the particular day when the transition between the Tamil months Masi and Panguni takes place. Karadiyan Adai is the name of a unique nivedya (holy dish) prepared on this day. Nombu means Vratam or upvasam (fast).

Note - Detail fast breaking time in different countries can be found in this latest article.

Karadi Nombu pujas and rituals are observed at the exact time when Masi month ends and Panguni begins. The ideal method to know the exact time is to consult with the temple priest or consult the regional Tamil Panchangam.

Savitri Nombu festival is based on the legend of Satyvan – Savitri. A princess, Savitri through her supreme devotion saved her husband, Satyvan, from the clutches of death. This legend is very popular in India and there are several other observances based on this legend like the Vat Savitri Puja in North India.
On this day married women fast and break the fast by eating the Karadai preparation with butter. The preparation is known as Karadaiyan Nombu Adai – the festival Karadai takes its name from the unique Kara Adai dish.

It is believed that Savitri cooked such a dish and offered it to the lord along with unmelted butter as a sort of thanksgiving for sparing her husband’s life.

Another important ritual is the wearing of the Karadaiyan Nombu Saradu, which is a yellow thread, around the neck.
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