Maatu or Mattu Pongal in 2011



The third day of Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu is known as Mattu Pongal. Mattu, or Mathu, means cattle or bull. In 2011, date of Mattu Pongal is January 16. The day is known as Pongal of the cattle. Mattu Pongal is today famous for the bull fight known Jallikettu or Manji Virattu. 
Mattu Pongal can be considered as a thanksgiving to the cow, which provides milk and organic manure, and bull, which draws the plough. The rural economy of India to a large extent revolves around the cows and bulls.
After a thorough bath, the cattle are beautifully decorated with specially colored ropes, bells and shawls on the day. The horns are polished and painted. The cattle are taken to the temple. A Mangala arati is performed for the cattle.
Today, Mattu Pongal is noted for the Jallikettu, a sort of wrestling match between man and bull, in rural Tamil Nandu.
You can find more details about Mattu Pongal in this article.
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