Mangala Gouri Puja or Mangala Gowri Vratam is observed by married women in North India, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and by certain communities in Maharashtra,
Goa and Tamil Nadu on Tuesdays in the Shravan month or Shravana Maasa. In 2012, the dates of Mangala Gowri Puja in North India are July 10, July 17, July 24 and July 31. Mangala Gowri is observed for the wellbeing of the husband and a happy and prosperous married life.
Mangala Gowri Puja 2012 dates in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra are – July 24, July 31, August 7 and August 14. (Another important Gowri Puja in Karnataka during the same season is the Gowri Habba or the Gowri Ganesh Puja. )
Mangala Gowri Puja is dedicated to Goddess Gouri or Parvati. Since it is observed on Tuesday in the Shravana month, the Tuesdays in the month are also known as Shravana Maasa Mangalvar. Special pujas dedicated to Goddess Gowri is performed on the day and women dress up like a traditional married woman with all bangles, flowers and mangalsutra – symbolically indicating to Goddess Gowri that they want to be like this on all days.
The puja is done with the intention that Goddess Gowri will bless the house with material prosperity, health and long life.
The method of puja and mantras used vary from region to region. There are no food restrictions but usually only vegetarian food is prepared on the day.
Married women observe Mangala Gowri Puja in the first five years of their marriage.
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