Bhima Ammavasi, also known as Jyoti Bheemeshwara Vratam, is an important Hindu ritual performed by women in Karnataka. In 2013, the date of Bheemana Amavasya is August 6. Bheemana Amavasi is observed on the Ammavasai, no moon day, in the Kannada month of Ashada (July – August). It is the last day of the month of Aashada. Women pray for the well being of their husbands and brothers on this day.
Jyoti Bheemeshwara Ammavasi is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Married and unmarried women and girls pray on this day for the welfare, happiness and long life of husbands, brothers and other males in the house.
Thambittu Deepa or Thembittu lamp made from flour is made on the occasion and lit to cool all bad emotions like anger etc. A pair of lamps made using mud known as Kalikamba represents Shiva and Parvati on the day. Special pujas are done on the auspicious day to appease the divine couple.
Another important feature is the making of Kadubu. Dough balls, or Kadubus, have coins hidden in them. Coins are also hidden in idli, kozhakattai, modak and wheat balls. These balls are smashed by brothers or young boys at the end of the Puja.
The ritual is based on the story of a young girl who was married to a dead prince. She accepted her faith and the day after marriage she performed the Bheemana Amavasya puja with mud lamps. Impressed by her devotion Shiva and Parvati appeared before her and brought back the prince to life. The mud kadubu prepared by her was broken by Lord Shiva.
No deep fried or shallow fried food is eaten on the day.
Married women perform the Bheema Ammavasai ritual for nine years after marriage.
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