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Zodiac New Year Kerala: Vishu 2008

Vishu is the astronomical or zodiac New Year in Kerala. It is observed by Malayalis around the world and falls on the first day of the Malayalam month Medam (April-May). In 2008, the date of Vishu is April 14. There is a widespread belief among Malayali Hindus that the fortunes of the coming year depends on what one sees first on the Vishu day. Therefore people open their eyes on Vishu day before the Vishukani.

Opening the eyes before ‘Vishu Kani’ is known as Kani Kanal – kani means ‘that which is seen first.’ A similar ritual is also observed in Tamil Nadu during Tamil New Year.

Vishukani is arranged on the previous night in the puja room or in an ideal space. The viewing of the Vishukani takes place during the Brahma Muhurta or ideally between 0400 hrs and 0600 hrs.

Vishukani consists of rice, kasavu mundu (traditional cloth of Kerala), gold, silver, coins, mirror (usually Aranmula Kannadi or mirror with a tail), cucumber, mango, jackfruit, coconut, banana, and Kanikonna (yellow flower known as Indian Laburnum). The Vishukani is exhibited in an ‘urali’ – a traditional vessel of Kerala made from Panchaloham (five metals). It is placed in front of an idol or portrait of Lord Krishna. Traditional Kerala lamp is lit near it.

Vishu is also known as a harvest festival; therefore fresh agricultural produce of each region becomes part of the Vishukani.

Another important event on the day is the distribution of Vishu Kaineettam – money given by elders to children and other members in the family.

On the Vishu day, Hindus make it a point to visit Lord Krishna temples.

‘Vishubhalam,’ or the predictions for the next year, is read on the day by astrologers. Now this tradition has been taken over by newspapers, fortnightlies and other magazines. All most all major publications come out with the predictions of the next year for each zodiac sign and nakshatras.

Earlier, the preparation for next agricultural season used to begin on the Vishu day and farmers used to plough the land on the day and it was known as ‘vishupootu.’


Items needed for Vishukani and How to arrange


  1. As per the English calendar the current year is 2008, likewise, I wish to know which is the new malayalam year gonna be ?

  2. Now it is Malayalam year 1183. And on August 17, 2008 Malayalam year 1184 will start. Please note that Vishu is not the starting of the Malayalam year. Malayalam Calendar begins in Chingam (August). Vishu is the astronomical new year.

  3. hey, thanks a lot abhi !
    I did chk out the malayalam calendar at home, but in addition to 1183 (current year) I also found 1429 and 1929 n was therefore, uncertain abt the correct year.

    vishu ashamsagal, dude !

  4. Vishu has been known as kerala new year. I came to know that it is the astronomical new year. Eventhough there should be an year changing. What is the current astronomical year? Anybody can help me on this subject?


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