Majority of the Hindu temples in
Most of these temple trees are noted for its medicinal properties and sacred groves are a well known source of Ayurvedic medicines. Sadly, no significant scientific research has been done on trees found in the vicinity of Hindu temples.
Recently, scientists at the M.S. Swaminathan Foundation for Research found that compounds in mangroves could cure several diseases. The thillai tree, a mangrove species, is worshipped in the famous Chidambaram Nataraja temple. The thillai tree sculpture in the temple dates back to the second century A.D and it is believed that a dip in the Chidambaram temple tank will cure diseases. Pichavaram Wetlands, near the temple, is noted for large number of Thillai trees.
Vijaysree Venkataraman writes in The Hindu
Though it is too early to say if researchers will strike pharmaceutical gold, an initial screening of 'thillai' extracts indicates the presence of compounds with anti-HIV, anti-cancer and anti-viral properties. These compounds are also active against mycobacteria – microbes that cause diseases like leprosy and tuberculosis.
On the Sacred Trees in Hinduism