Teej celebrates the union of the divine couple Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. In a year, there are three Teej festivals – Hariyali, Kajari and Hartalika Teej. According to Hindu mythology, on the third day after the new moon in the month of Shravan (July – August) Goddess Parvati united with Lord Shiva. The Teej festival is mainly celebrated in Rajasthan and in certain areas of
Teej is mainly celebrated by the women and they pray for a happy and married life. Unmarried women pray for a good husband. Goddess Parvati and Shiva are worshipped during Teej festival. In some places, Lord Krishna and Radha are worshipped.
Hariyali Teej: Women worship the moon by offering milk, curd and flowers on this day. Some women undertake a fast for the wellbeing of the family. Married women return to their parent’s home and receive Teej gifts. Women whose marriage date has been fixed receive gifts from groom’s parents. Songs celebrating the marriage of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are sung on this day. Special swings are made for Teej and women swing on them.
In Rajasthan, the idol of Goddess Parvati is taken out in a colorful procession. Devotees gather in large number at the Bankebihari temple in Vrindavan and worship Lord Krishna and Radha.
Another important ritual is the applying of henna on the Teej day. Many women make it a point to dress richly and neatly on this day – indicating to Goddess Parvati that they want to be like this on all days.
Fairs are organized in many important towns in
Kajari Teej: Women pray to Lord Krishna and perform poojas to the neem tree. The festival is celebrated in rural areas in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Women gather and sing songs on this day.
Hartalika Teej: Women observe a three day fast and on the second day some women even avoid water. The day is popularly known as Hartalika Teej Vrat.
Married woman pray fast for a happy married life and unmarried women to get a husband like Lord Shiva. Hartalika Teej is observed in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh,