Deoghar Baidyanath Dham is one among the 12 Jyotirlinga temples in
. This famous India attracts thousands of devotees during the Shravan Mela or Shrabani Mela held in the months of July – August. In 2013 Shravan Mela at Deoghar Temple is from July 23 to August 21, 2013. The main ritual during the mela is the pilgrimage undertaken by scores of Lord Shiva devotees from Sultanganj to Baba Baidyanath temple. temple of Lord Shiva
The pilgrims to Baidyanath are referred as ‘Kanwarias’ and they carry water from holy
Ganga which flows towards north in Sultanganj. This is the only place where the Ganga flows towards north. Monday is considered most auspicious for offering water from Ganga to Lord Shiva.
Apart from Indians, numerous devotees from
and neighboring countries take part in the annual pilgrimage. It is believed by devotees that offering water from Nepal Ganges to Lord Shiva in the Shravan month will help in fulfilling their wishes.
The Deoghar Baidyanath Dham is also referred as Ravaneshwar Mahadeo temple as it is believed that Shivling in the temple belonged to demon king Ravana of Ramayan. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva pleased with Ravana’s intense austerities appeared before him. Ravana asked for Shiva’s symbol Shivling to be placed in Lanka. Shiva agreed to give the Linga on the condition that he will not place it anywhere until he reaches Lanka.
Devas came to know about this, and feared that with the power of Lord Shiva on his side Ravana will become invincible. They prayed to Lord Vishnu for help. Lord Vishnu asked Varuna to enter Ravana and create intense pressure of urination. Varuna did so and Ravana could no longer tolerate the urge to urinate and he looked around for a person to who can hold the Shivling.
Lord Vishnu appeared there as a shepherd and Ravana immediately gave the shivling to him. The cunning Lord Vishnu placed the Shivling on the earth and the place was Deoghar Baidyanath Dham. Ravana tried to remove the Shivling but failed and left it there; but came daily to worship it on his Pushpak Viman.