Aditi, Apo-devi, Ushas, Prithvi, Vak, Ratri, Sri, Nishthigri, Urvasi, Saraswati, Sandhya, Sinivali, Sraddha, Gayatri, Savitri, Indrani, Godha, Ghosha, Juhu, Dakshina, Medha, Yami, Sarama, Sarva-rajni, Lokshya, Romasa, Visva-vara and Durga are goddesses mentioned in the Vedas.
Most of the Goddesses represent the different aspects of nature. Some are protectors and some personifications of diseases. Some represent fertility and nourishment. Then there are humans who have attained the status of Goddesses. Some folk goddesses have special powers to cure small pox, snake poison etc. Some goddesses are ‘gramadevata’ or protector of village.
Over a period of time, the folk goddesses were included in the Puranas. Goddesses are usually mentioned in groups in the Puranas. Thus we have Ashta Durga, Nava Chandi, Sapta Matrka, Pancha Kanya and sixty four yoginis. Matsya Purana talks about nine goddesses who are the ‘mothers of the world.’ Saraswati, Lakshmi and Kali find prominence in the Puranas and were associated with the Trimurtis – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
But the most popular Goddess in the Puranas is Durga, usually referred as Devi. Thousands of verses are dedicated to Durga in the Devi Purana, Markandeya Purana and Devi Bhagavata. These Puranas even goes to the extent of saying that the Trimurtis are subservient to Devi, who is Jagadamba and Jagaddhatri (mother and protector).
Durga in one form or the other is worshipped all over