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Origin of Hinduism – IV

The archeological excavations in Mohenjodaro and Harappa point to a highly developed culture. The people who lived here had neatly laid out streets and well constructed houses. Implements, terracotta seals and painted pots were of high standard. They domesticated dogs and their activities spread outside the domain of agriculture.

In Mohenjodaro, a large bath has been discovered with rooms and statutes indicating purification rites. Many figures of human shape have been unearthed from here. The figures are seated on their heels with knees apart. The eyes are half closed and are directed towards the nose-tip. Some figures have their hands folded in the way in which Hindus greet.

Numerous statues of goddesses have been discovered from the various sites. This gives a clear indication of fertility rites. Some of the objects excavated resemble ‘Lingas.’ The age of these sites are placed between 3500 and 5000 BCE.

We must remember here that these ancient cities were highly developed. The type of development found here cannot take place overnight. It might have taken several hundred years for these cities develop.

The seeds of Hinduism might have been therein the minds of these people even before that. It might have been passed on for many generations before Indus Valley Civilization.

In a way, we can assume that the origin of Hinduism can be traced back to the day when the first human being began to think about nature.

Hinduism is based on the concept of oneness – ‘Thou art that.’

It is not a religion to have an origin. To understand it, we need to come out of the narrow concept of religion. The echoes of this ancient thought can be seen in ‘A Brief History of Time’ by Stephen Hawking.

Previous entries on the series

Origin of Hinduism – I

Origin of Hinduism – II

Origin of Hinduism - III

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